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The CBD story 

There is a lot of confusion surrounding CBD, making it difficult for people to make an informed choice about adding CBD into their diet and skincare routines. That is why Celtic Calm and Wellbeing is committed to giving you the information you need to feel confident that you are making the right choice when it comes to CBD. Our next pages explain what CBD is and answer a few commonly asked questions about CBD.

What is CBD?
CANNABIDIOL. A type of naturally occurring, non- intoxicating compound present in the leaves and flowers of the hemp plant. It is a type of cannabinoid with a unique structure found in the hemp plant. There are over a hundred cannabinoids in the typical plant and among the most abundant and studied of the cannabinoids are CBD and delta 9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
The CBD Spectrum
The hemp plant, in addition to cannabinoids , contains terpenes and flavonoids as well as essential oils. Terpenes are responsible for giving the hemp plant its aroma and flavonoids its pigment. 
FULL SPECTRUM CBD refers to the full plant extract. It contains the complete profile of cannabinoids, terpenes and other natural compounds  that occur naturally in hemp, including THC
BROAD SPECTRUM CBD starts as full spectrum CBD oil that undergoes an additional process to remove trace amounts of THC. It still contains the compete profile of cannabinoids, terpenes and other natural compounds that occur naturally in hemp but does not contain THC
CBD ISOLATE ia a singular extracted compound that contains pure CBD only. CBD isolate does not contain anyTHC or any other cannabinoids, terpenes or other natural compounds found in hemp.
DNA Strand

How does the body respond to CBD?
Humans have their very own endocannaboid system producing cannabinoids and cannabinoid receptors.The receptors are found throughout the human body: in the brain, the organs, connective tissues, glands and immune cells. There are two types of receptors, CB1 and CB2.

CB1 receptors are located in the brain and throughout the body, while CB2 receptors are mostly found in the immune and gastrointestinal system.

CBD activates these receptors, each having a unique effect. Preclinical and clinical studies have indicated the efficacy of CBD in the treatment of epilepsy, anxiety, chronic pain and psychosis. When CBD binds with CB1 receptors studies have found a reduction in the sensation of pain. When CBD binds with CB2 receptors it has been found to act across the immune system to reduce inflammation. CBD also indirectly activates other receptors in the body that regulate endorphin release. 

In the skin the purpose of the endocannaboid system is to help maintain a healthy skin function. Once CBD enters the epidermis it penetrates to the  basal and subcutaneous layers, where it helps calm inflammation, reduces blemishes, purifies pores, balances sebum production and assists with cellular turnover. The European Journal of Pain showed that, when applied to the skin, CBD could alleviate pain and inflammation and is high in anti-oxidants and had anti-ageing properties. Topical CBD does not penetrate deeply enough to enter the bloodstream.


See also: 

McGregor, I.S. et al (2020) Access to cannabidiol without a prescription: a cross country comparison and analysis. International Journal of Drug Policy, 85  (2020) 102935

DNA Strand

Other important points to note

Tinctures, how much CBD should I take?
Ingesting tinctures, commonly by holding the liquid under the tongue for between 60 and 90 seconds before swallowing, is the quickest route for making CBD available to your body. It can take up to 90 minutes for the CBD to activate the CB receptor sites. Every person's body chemistry is different. While no dangerous level of CBD has ever been discovered we advise people to follow the advice 'start low and take it slow. Take a dose consistently for at least a week to gauge how it affects you and then adjust until you find the ideal dose.
As with any new supplement you are thinking of adding to your diet, if you have any concerns speak with your GP. Please also check with your GP or other medical professional if you are taking medication alongside CBD or are pregnant or breast feeding.
Does CBD have side effects?
CBD is generally well tolerated and safe. No dangerous or toxic level has been identified. For some people there may be an adverse side effect such a dry mouth, nausea, dizziness. gastrointestinal problems or fatigue. 
Celtic Calm are committed to ensuring that people make an informed decision when using CBD. We make available the Certificate of Analysis provide by independent third party laboratories where the products have been tested . You can see the exact amount of CBD in the product and also be assured that you are not consuming psychoactives 

Ingestible CBD is regulated as a novel food in the UK and producers must apply to the Food Standards Agency for authorisation. Our products ae fully compliant with the Novel Foods Regulations. CBD products are not medicines and cannot diagnose, treat or cure diseases.

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